Resources for General Practitioners
Darlow B, Dean S, Perry M, Mathieson F, Baxter GD, Dowell A. Acute low back pain management in general practice: uncertainty and conflicting certainties. Family Practice. 2014; 31(6): 723-732.
Darlow B, Perry M, Stanley J, Mathieson F, Melloh M, Baxter GD, Dowell A. Cross-sectional survey of attitudes and beliefs about back pain in New Zealand. BMJ Open. 2014;4(5).
Darlow B, Perry M, Mathieson F, Stanley J, Melloh M, Marsh R, Baxter GD, Dowell A. The development and exploratory analysis of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ). BMJ Open. 2014;4(5).
Darlow B, Dowell A, Baxter GD, Mathieson F, Perry M, Dean S. The enduring impact of what we say to people with low back pain. Annals of Family Medicine 2013;11(6):527-34.
Darlow B, Fullen BM, Dean S, Hurley DA, Baxter GD, Dowell A. The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: a systematic review. Eur J Pain 2012; 16(1):3-17.
Delitto A, George SZ, Van Dillen LR, Whitman JM, Sowa G, Shekelle P, et al. Low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2012;42(4):A1-57.
Iles RA, Davidson M, Taylor NF, O’Halloran P. Systematic review of the ability of recovery expectations to predict outcomes in non-chronic non-specific low back pain. J Occup Rehabil 2009;19(1):25-40.
Lee H, Hubscher M, Moseley GL, Kamper SJ, Traeger AC, Mansell G, McAuley JH. How does pain lead to disability? A systematic review and meta-analysis of mediation studies in people with back and neck pain. Pain 2015; 156(6): 988-97.
Linton SJ. A review of psychological risk factors in back and neck pain. Spine 2000;25(9):1148-56.
Ramond A, Bouton C, Richard I, Roquelaure Y, Baufreton C, Legrand E, et al. Psychosocial risk factors for chronic low back pain in primary care--a systematic review. Fam Pract 2011;28:12–21.
Wessels T, van Tulder M, Sigl T, Ewert T, Limm H, Stucki G. What predicts outcome in non-operative treatments of chronic low back pain? A systematic review. Eur Spine J 2006; 15(11): 1633-44.
Moseley GL. A pain neuromatrix approach to patients with chronic pain. Manual Therapy 2003; 8(3):130-140.
Tracey I. Getting the pain you expect: mechanisms of placebo, nocebo and reappraisal effects in humans. Nature Medicine 2010;16(11):1277-83.
Tracey I, Mantyh PW. The cerebral signature for pain perception and its modulation. Neuron 2007;55(3):377-91.
Abdel Shaheed C, Maher C, Williams K, McLachlan A. Efficacy and tolerability of muscle relaxants for low back pain: Systematic review and meta‐analysis. European Journal of Pain 2017; 21(2): 228-37.
Deyo RA, Von Korff M, Duhrkoop D. Opioids for low back pain. BMJ : British Medical Journal 2015; 350.
Krebs EE, Gravely A, Nugent S, et al. Effect of opioid vs nonopioid medications on pain-related function in patients with chronic back pain or hip or knee osteoarthritis pain: The space randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2018; 319(9): 872-82.
Machado GC, Maher CG, Ferreira PH, Day RO, Pinheiro MB, Ferreira ML. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for spinal pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of the rheumatic diseases 2017; 76(7): 1269-78.
Saragiotto BT, Machado GC, Ferreira ML, Pinheiro MB, Abdel Shaheed C, Maher CG. Paracetamol for low back pain. The Cochrane Library 2016.
Stanton TR, Moseley GL, Wong AY, Kawchuk GN. Feeling stiffness in the back: a protective perceptual inference in chronic back pain. Scientific reports 2017; 7(1): 9681.
Stephenson DT, Price JR. Medically unexplained physical symptoms in emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Journal : 2006;23(8):595-600.
Traeger AC, Hübscher M, Henschke N, Moseley GL, Lee H, McAuley JH. Effect of Primary Care–Based Education on Reassurance in Patients With Acute Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Iinternal Medicine: 2015; 175(5): 733-743.
Bigos SJ, Holland J, Holland C, Webster JS, Battie M, Malmgren JA. High-quality controlled trials on preventing episodes of back problems: systematic literature review in working-age adults. Spine J 2009;9(2):147-68.
Holtermann A, Clausen T, Jorgensen MB, Mork PJ, Andersen LL. Should physical activity recommendation depend on state of low back pain? Eur J Pain. 2014; 18(4): 575–581.
Hurwitz EL, Morgenstern H, Chiao C. Effects of recreational physical activity and back exercises on low back pain and psychological distress: findings from the UCLA Low Back Pain Study. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(10):1817-1824.
Chilibeck PD, Vatanparast H, Cornish SM, Abeysekara S, Charlesworth S. Evidence-based risk assessment and recommendations for physical activity: arthritis, osteoporosis, and low back pain. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2011;36(S1):S49-S79.
Downie A, Williams CM, Henschke N, et al. Red flags to screen for malignancy and fracture in patients with low back pain: systematic review. BMJ 2013;347:f7095.
Henschke N, Maher CG, Ostelo RW, de Vet HC, Macaskill P, Irwig L. Red flags to screen for malignancy in patients with low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;2:CD008686.
Henschke N, Maher CG, Refshauge KM, Herbert RD, Cumming RG, Bleasel J, et al. Prevalence of and screening for serious spinal pathology in patients presenting to primary care settings with acute low back pain. Arthritis & Rheumatism 2009;60(10):3072-80.
Chou R, Qaseem A, Owens DK, Shekelle P. Diagnostic imaging for low back pain: advice for high-value health care from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med 2011;154(3):181-9.
Henschke N, Maher CG, Refshauge KM. Screening for malignancy in low back pain patients: a systematic review. Eur Spine J 2007;16(10):1673-9.
Verhagen AP, Downie A, Maher CG, Koes BW. Most red flags for malignancy in low back pain guidelines lack empirical support; a systematic review. Pain 2017; 158(10):1860-1868.